Cryotherapy for Prostate Cancer in Athens, GA
Cryotherapy, also often referred to as cryosurgery, is a procedural method used to destroy prostate cancer cells by freezing them. The term “cryosurgery” is a misnomer, as this treatment does not involve any sort of surgical equipment or techniques at all.
Meet Our Urologist
Board-certified Urologist David C. Allen, MD founded The Urology Clinic in 1984 and the Georgia Lithotripsy and Laser Center in 1990, both in Athens, GA. Dr. David C. Allen is likely to recommend cryotherapy for men with early-stage prostate cancer, or those who’s prostate cancer has returned after other treatments were completed. If you’ve been diagnosed with prostate cancer, cryotherapy may be for you. Urologist David C. Allen has helped many patients with cryotherapy at his office in Athens, GA. Don’t hesitate to speak with a specialist. Give us a call at (706) 543-2718.
How Is Cryotherapy Used?
Before Dr. Allen begins cryotherapy treatment, the patient will be made comfortable with anesthesia. Most often, this will involve either numbing the lower half of the body using an epidural or applying general anesthesia so that the patient is asleep throughout the procedure.
Using a transrectal ultrasound to guide their instruments and identify parts of the prostate that have been affected by cancer, Dr. Allen will insert several fine needles into the prostate gland. These needles, called cryoprobes, are each filled with argon gas, which works to immediately freeze the prostate tissues and cancer cells once injected into specific target areas. In some instances, nitrogen may be used in place of argon to complete this process.
The Recovery Process
Because cryotherapy is not a surgery, it tends to have significantly lower rates for potential complications, as well as reduced recovery time than most surgical alternatives. Patients are typically held for observation immediately following their cryotherapy treatment but can return home shortly after the anesthetic wears off.
Urinary functions may be compromised within the first few hours following cryotherapy, in which case a catheter will be used to assist in the elimination of urine from the body until the patient can control urination on their own.
Who Is a Candidate for Cryotherapy?
As mentioned above, most men who elect for cryotherapy have encountered prostate cancer before, or are within the very first stages of the disease. Other factors that can influence a person’s eligibility for cryotherapy include:
- If they are unable to undergo radiation treatments or surgery for prostate cancer due to problems with their health
- If the prostate cancer is a non-aggressive form
- If the patient wishes to avoid radiation therapy and/or surgical intervention
What Are the Risks of Cryotherapy?
As with any medical treatment plan, it is important to note all possible side effects that may result from cryotherapy. Following treatment, patients should expect some soreness and swelling in the affected area. It is also entirely normal for blood to be present in the urine in small amounts for approximately 3-5 days after cryotherapy has been completed, though you should consult with Dr. Allen right away if these symptoms worsen or do not improve with time.
This procedure is known to have many noteworthy effects on the reproductive system, so it may not be a suitable option for men wishing to conceive after treatment. Other common risks of cryotherapy for prostate cancer include:
- Injury or blockage of the urethra
- Damage to the bladder that may lead to urinary incontinence
- Erectile dysfunction
- Painful urination
- Impaired bowel function
- Rarely, a fistula can develop between the rectum and bladder
What Are the Benefits of Cryotherapy?
Though the risks that cryotherapy poses may seem a bit frightening, there are many reasons why this procedure is still often recommended by Dr. Allen for the treatment of prostate cancer. Cryotherapy is much less invasive than a traditional, surgical approach, which allows it to offer several attractive advantages, such as:
- Less swelling or general discomfort following the procedure
- A shorter or non-existent hospital stay
- Less blood loss
- Reduced recovery time
Exploring Your Options for Prostate Cancer Treatment in Athens, GA
It is important to thoroughly discuss the possibility of cryotherapy and various other treatment options with your physician in order to find the right solution for you and your case of prostate cancer.
Schedule a Cryotherapy Consultation
Urologist David Allen, MD is board-certified by the American Board of Urology and has extensive experience utilizing cryotherapy to safely and effectively treat prostate cancer. If you are considering cryotherapy and would like more information from the providers at The Urology Clinic about this process, please call (706) 543-2718 today to set up an appointment at our office in Athens, GA.